Even in today's world the signature is still the principle way that we give our consent for contracts, payments, agreements, etc. As such the signature
often becomes the primary focus in questioned document cases. Signatures are copied, traced, simulated, altered, or affixed to documents with the intent to
defraud. With proper comparison materials, opinions can be reached regarding authorship and authenticity.
Below: The questioned writing shows a different method of letter construction from the known signature.
Left: Meyer uses a digital microscope to magnify the signature. This allows an examiner to see details in the ink and writing trail not visible to the naked eye.
Report Critiques and Rebuttal*
Has your opposition hired a handwriting expert? Meyer has consulted with attorneys to review and critique opposing experts. The specific services will vary based on the needs of your case. He can perform an independent examination of the material and report on the findings, or he can review and critique the opposing expert's report. He has assisted attorneys in preparing questions for trial and depositions.
*If performing an independent examination, there is always the possibility Meyer may agree with the findings of an opposing expert. He can only provide reports and testimony based on the evidence demonstrated by the materials at hand.
Anonymous and Disguised Writing
Occasionally larger bodies of handwriting require identification of authorship. Threatening or degrading notes, memos, or letters may be received
anonymously. In some cases the author may even have attempted to alter and disguise their writing, making it more difficult for the author to be
If you have an anonymous writing for examination, you will also need writings from any potential suspects for comparison. If hand printing is under examination, hand printing should also be provided for comparison, as with cursive writing. Except in rare cases, cursive cannot normally be compared to printed writing.
Sometimes writing is scratched out, written over, erased, or otherwise made unrecognizable. Using various lighting and tools, obliterated writing can often be
When writing on a notepad, notebook, or when multiple pages are lying on top of one another, the pressure from writing often leaves an indentation
on the pages underneath.
Depending on how much pressure was used when writing, and the type of paper used, the content of what was written on top
can often be deciphered.
On the left, the word "you" is revealed on a page due to indented writing from a page above.
It does not have to be the signature that is in question on contracts and documents. Taking an original document and altering a word or phrase can often
change the intended meaning of the document. Initials can be added that change the specific services requested or permissions granted, or numbers can be
altered. In addition to examining any handwritten material, the entire document will also be examined for any alterations.
Upon reaching an opinion the client is entitled to the conclusions as well as the basis for forming those conclusions. Final opinions are rendered verbally
by default, but written reports stating conclusions can also be provided at the client's request.
Court Room Testimony
Should the issue need to go to trial, appearance as an expert witness to render testimony regarding any conclusions reached can be provided.
If you have an event, gathering, or class, August Meyer can appear as a guest lecturer to educate both you and your attendees about the field of Document Examination.